A philosophical archive for the constructive study of substance dualism: www.newdualism.org.

History of Dualism

Plato: Timaeus, ca. 360 BC.

Aristotle: De anima, ca. 350 BC.

Aristotle: On memory and reminiscence, ca. 350 BC.

Rene Descartes: Meditations, 1641.   See also page here on Descartes.

George Berkeley: An essay towards a new theory of vision (4th ed.), 1732

Emanuel Swedenborg: The Interaction between the Soul and the Body, 1769.

Alfred Russel Wallace: On Miracles and Modern Spiritualism, 1876.

William James: The Principles of Psychology, 1890.
                             Varieties of Religious Experience, 1902.

C.D. Broad: Mind and its Place in Nature, 1925.

C.J. Ducasse, A Critical Examination of the Belief in a Life After Death, 1961 (and here, here).


Historical Reviews

Robert H. Wozniak: Mind and Body: Renť Descartes to William James, 1992.

Sarah Broadie: Soul and Body in Plato and Descartes, 2001 (cc)

Abstract: Although they are often grouped together in comparison with non-dualist theories, Plato's soulóbody dualism, and Descartes' mindóbody dualism, are fundamentally different. The doctrines examined are those of the Phaedo and the Meditations. The main difference, from which others flow, lies in Plato's acceptance and Descartes' rejection of the assumption that the soul (= intellect) is identical with what animates the body.

Henrik Lagerlund: John Buridan and the Problems of Dualism in the Early Fourteenth Century, Journal of the History of Philosophy 42.4 (2004) 369-387

David McGraw, Mind and Body, Medieval and Modern: Augustine and Thomas Aquinas versus Descartes


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